6 Steps Before Shooting Photography

Contrary to popular opinion, good photos are not obtained by luck, but rather by decision-making. We can see many good results of Fotografia Boudoir because of the careful preparation of the photographers. There are many things to think about before making a photo. For beginners, it’s hard to think of so many steps. But with continuous practice, I believe we will be able to do it naturally.

1. Find an interesting subject
Try to choose an interesting subject, for example on a busy street, try to take portrait photos of people, a building, a car or an activity. Be careful not to include too many elements in the photo. Too much detail will leave people looking at the photo confused about what you are trying to convey.

2. Quality and direction of light
Knowing the quality and direction of light greatly affects the mood of the photo. In general, there are three types of light (hard light, soft light, and directional light).

3. Composition
The first step in creating a good composition is to start by choosing a background. A clean/plain background is a good first step. Then position the subject in layers. Arrange it in such a way that the composition of the photo looks interesting.

If you are just starting in photography, you can always learn composition formulas for reference. Many composition rules can help you create interesting compositions such as the rule of thirds, golden ratio, scale, and others.

4. Select the aperture
The aperture of the lens determines how much light enters the camera body. Aperture also regulates the depth of field (depth of field). The larger the lens aperture, the thinner the depth of focus and vice versa. We have to determine whether the photo we take has a thin or deep depth of focus.

In general for portrait photos, we want a thin depth of focus so that the portrait looks more artistic, so the aperture we choose should be large. But if we take landscape photos, we usually want all the elements in the photo to look clear and in focus, so the aperture we choose should be small.

5. Choose a shutter speed
Then, we have to decide whether we want to freeze the subject of the photo or record the movement of the subject. If we want to freeze the subject, we must set the shutter speed carefully.

6. Choose the optimal lens and lens focal
Not all lenses produce the same results. There are wide lenses, standard lenses, and telephoto lenses. Each focal lens has its characteristics. A wide lens gives a sense of dimension, distortion, and deep depth of focus. On the other hand, telephoto lenses make photos two-dimensional (compression effect), reduce the depth of focus, and enlarge distant subjects.